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sabaki

shifting

sage uchi

a downward strike

sagi ashi dachi

"heron foot" one-legged or propped stance, also referred to as gankaku dachi or tsuru ashi dachi.

sagurite no kamae

"searching hands" (or shadow-hand) fighting posture or ready position

arresting a technique 2.5 cm/1 in. from the target, just before making contact

searching-hand (or shadow-hand) block

saho

left direction (side)

sai

an Okinawan three-pronged metal weapon that is shaped like the Greek letter ‘psi’ with the middle being much longer.

saijutsu

sai art

sakatsuchi

"to hammer upside down" throw

sakeru

to avoid

sakotsu

collar bone, clavicle

Sakugawa No Kon

ancient bo kata ("Sakugawa's bo kata")

sammai

concentration; absorption

sampai

a formal bow to a zen master, involves a seated bow until the forehead touches the floor, with the hands on the side facing palm up

samurai

one who serves

san

three

sanbon

three-step or point

sanbon kumite

three-step sparring; sparring match where the objective is to gain three points

sanbon shobu

three-point match, used in tournaments.

sanbon tsuki (zuki)

triple punch combination

Sanchin

"3 conflicts", kata, which emphasizes correct breathing

sanchin dachi

hour-glass ("pigeon-toed") stance

sandan

3rd Dan Black Belt

sandan kumite

three step, three level sparring

sando tsuki (zuki)

triple punch

sanju

thirty

sankaku

triangle

sankaku jime

triangular lock

sankaku tenshin

triangular movements

sankaku tobi

triangular jump

sankyo kote hinerisankajo

wrist twist in

sankyu

3rd kyu (often green belt) rank

sanren tsuki (zuki)

three consecutive punches

santo kin

triceps

sasae hiji ate

supported elbow smash

sasae tsurikomi ashi

lifting-pulling propping foot/ankle throw

sasae uke

supported forearm block

sashite

raising of the hand either to strike, grab, or block

sashite uke

rising hand block

sasoi

to lure; to draw someone or something closer to oneself

sayu barai uke

double lower side block

sayu tsuki (zuki)

double side punch

seienchin

"Walk Far To Conquer" kata

seigyo

control

seiho

an exercise that helps blood flow in the muscle tissue

seika tanden

a vital point used for resuscitation, located about 10 cm below the navel. considered to the source for ki generation and concentration

seiken

regular fist or fore-fist

seiken choku tsuki (zuki)

fore-fist straight punch

seiken tsuki (zuki)

fore-fist or straight (middle) thrust punch

seiken ude uke

forearm block

seiken waza

fist technique

seiki

genitals

seiryuto

"ox jaw hand" or bull strike. A hand technique delivered with the base of the shuto (knife hand).

seiryuto tsuki (zuki)

"ox jaw hand" punch

seiryuto uchi

ox jaw strike - edge of the hand near the wrist, most often employed against the collar bone

seiryuto uke

ox-jaw block

seishin

spirit or soul

seito

regular student. See deshi and uchi deshi

seiza

"correct" or formal sitting posture, on one’s knees, between the heels

seiza ho

moving into formal sitting position

semekata

attacking technique

sempai

senior (instructor), one's senior, the opposite of kohai,any student who takes a class or any black belt senior to the speaker; also, senpai

sen

initiative; to anticipate an attack

sen no sen

simultaneous initiative; to launch an attack at the same time as one's opponent

sen sen no sen

attacking before the opponent attacks; pre-emptive attack

senaka

back, spine

senpai

a senior student; also, sempai

senryaku

strategy

sensei

teacher, instructor, elder

senshin

concentration; undivided attention; singleness of purpose

sesan dachi

side facing straddle stance

setsuzoku

a connection between one's centre of mass (Hara) and the outer limits of the movement, or between one's own centre of mass and that of one's partner

shakkatsu denko

lumbar region, left and right sides of the ninth thoracic vertebrae; see ushiro denko

shakumyaku

a vital point on the wrist

shi te

"death hand" (a front defensive hand)

shi zuki

beak thrust

shiai

a match or a contest (tournament or competition event)

shiai geiko

tournament practice; the training sessions held before and leading up to a competition

shiaijo

tournament area; the area where matches are held in a tournament

shibari

from shibaru, to tie

shichi

seven; also, nana

shichidan

shidachi

the person performing a technique in a kata, the defender

shiden

historical tradition

shidoin

a formal title meaning, approximately, " assistant instructor"

shihan

master teacher or instructor

shihan dai

designated representative(s) of a shihan

shiho bunkai

application of the kata with attacks from all (four) directions

shiho wari

breaking boards on four sides to test power

shihon

four-finger

shihon nukite

four-finger spear hand strike

shihon zuki

four-finger thrust

shikaku

position relative to one's partner where it is difficult for them to (continue to) attack, and from which it is relatively easy to control their balance and movement

shiken

test; examination

shiko dachi

square or straddle leg stance - deep strengthening stance, two hip widths wide, with the toes pointing out to 45 degrees, weight distributed 50/50

shime waza

choking or strangling techniques; strangleholds or neck holds

shimei

an attack that, if uncontrolled, would have a lethal result

shimoseki

the lower part of a dojo, where the beginners and junior students sit or stand

shimoza

the lower ranked area of the dojo, on the opposite side from the shrine

shin gi tai

mind-technique-body

shin gi tai ichinyo

oneness of mind-technique-body

shin zen bi

truth, honesty and beauty

shinai

practice sword made of split bamboo

shindo

vibration

shinjitsu

reality

shinken

real sword; real fist; earnest

shinken shobu

"duel with live swords", the attitude of treating the practice session as though it were a life-or-death duel with live swords

shinto

concussion, shock, impact

shisei

posture

shita ago

a vital point on the lower jaw

shita tsuki (zuki)

lower punch; a strike to the lower abdomen

shizen

natural, nature

shizen no kamae

natural position - a ready position in an upright, comfortable, and natural attitude

shizen dachi no kamae

natural combative posture

shizen kumite

natural kumite

shizen tai

natural stance or position

shizen tai dachi

natural stance

sho

palm

sho tekubi

hand (and) wrist

shobu

sparring match

shodai

first generation; founder

shomen (choku) tsuki (zuki)

front (straight) punch

shomen ni rei

front

shomen uchi

an empty hand overhead strike to the front of the head with the blade of the hand

shomon

bow to the front

Shorei ryu

early Karate school developed around Naha

Shorin

"Pine forest" (Sino-Japanese pronunciation) of Shaolin

Shorin Ryu

the major style of Okinawan karate, developed from Shuri and Tomari, meaning "Pine Forest" school

shoshin

the spirit of the beginner

shoshinsha

a novice, a beginner

shotei

shotei ate

palm heel (smashing) strike

shotei oshi

palm heel push

shotei shita uke

palm heel lower block; a downward block with the palm of the hand

shotei sotogawa uke

palm heel outside block; a block with the palm of the hand from the outside

shotei uchi

palm heel strike

shotei uke

palm heel block

shoto

short sword

Shotokan

a style of Japanese Karate developed by Gichin Funakoshi, meaning "Pine Waves"

shu wan

palm arm

shuchu ryoku

concentration of power

shugo

line up

shuko

vital points located on the back of the hand, especially between the thumb and index finger and middle and ring fingers

shuri-te

"Shuri fist"; one of the three major early Okinawan styles, originating in shuri, the foundation of today’s Shorin Ryu style

shuto

"sword-hand" or "knife-edge" hand (little-finger side of palm)

shuto gedan barai

low knife hand block

shuto mawashi uchi

roundhouse sword hand strike

shuto soto mawashi

knife hand strike, outside inward

shuto uchi

knife-hand strike

shuto uchi mawashi

knife-hand strike, inside outward

shuto uke

knife-hand block

shuto waza

knife-hand technique

sochin dachi

diagonal straddle leg "immovable" stance, also known as fudo dachi

soda

vital point between shoulder blades

soin

vital point - just below the heads of the fourth fifth toes (metatarsals); also, kusagakure

sokko

instep of the foot

sokumen uke

side block

sokutei mawashi uke

crescent kick block with the sole of the foot

sokutei osae uke

pressing sole block

sokuto geri

foot-edge kick

sokuto keage

snap kick with foot edge

sokuto osae uke

pressing block with foot edge

sotai renshu

training with a partner

soto

exterior, external; outer; outside; outside-inward

soto gedan barai

outside downward sweeping block

soto hachiji shizentai dachi

open-leg natural stance

soto mawashi uke

roundhouse block, outside inward

soto ude uke

outside middle block (outside inward with bottom of wrist or forearm), formerly known as uchi yoko te

soto uke

block from outside inward with bottom of wrist or inside of forearm, also known as soto ude uke

soto yoko te

Same as uchi ude uke. This name was used before the advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in bogyo roku kyodo.

sotojakuzawa

vital point - wrist edge above pulse

sotoshakutaku

vital point - back surface of the wrist, space between ends of radius and ulna

sukashi waza

techniques performed without allowing the attacker to complete a grab or to initiate a strike

sukui

scooping

sukui nage

scooping throw

sukui te

Same as sukui uke. This name was used before the advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in bogyo roku kyodo.

sukui uke

scooping block, formerly known as sukui te

sun

unit of measure, about 2.5 cm/1 in.